Desde 1998 se han producido muchos cambios a nivel mundial, socavando el consenso global previamente existente sobre estrategias punitivas antidrogas; sin embargo, siguen existiendo grandes divergencias a nivel mundial que se reflejarán en la UNGASS 2016. Más información, en inglés, está disponible abajo.

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By Brookings

The global counternarcotics regime, created and enforced by the United States since the 1950s, now faces profound challenges.

An increasing number of countries in Europe and Latin America find that the regime’s emphasis on punitive approaches to drug use and the suppression of illicit drugs to be problematic and are asking for reform.

This reaction is hardly uniform throughout the world, however, as critical players such as Russia and China, remain committed to the preservation of the regime’s long-standing punitive approach.

Meanwhile, drug policy changes at the national and state level in the United States, including cannabis legalization in some states, are making it increasingly uninteresting, difficult, and inappropriate for it to play the role of the world’s toughest drug cop.

At the global level, we find that much has changed since 1998 that undermines the previous global consensus on punitive counternarcotics strategies:

  • Illicit markets and networks have shifted.
  • The harms and costs of drugs are unevenly distributed.
  • States no longer agree on what drug policies work.
This moment of global disagreement, which will be reflected at UNGASS 2016, provides an important opportunity to evaluate the effectiveness and problematic side-effects of existing counternarcotics policies and to emphasize evidence-based strategies. While drug policies work best when tailored to local circumstances, our case studies find important consistent lessons from across the globe.

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