Aunque en la región no existe un consenso aparente sobre el tema, son cada vez más quienes cuestionan la norma prohibicionista frente a las drogas.

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In recent years Latin American countries have increasingly rejected the traditional prohibitionist paradigm of drug policy, reflecting its failure to reduce either consumption or trafficking. The extent to which these policy trends currently command pubic support is unclear, however. This article goes some way to filling this gap, providing a snapshot of public attitudes towards drug policies in nine Latin American countries.

The authors used the 2014 Annual Survey of the Observatory of Drug Policies and Public Opinion, which has representative population samples, to measure public opinion. Country comparisons are made using descriptive and inferential statistics.

They found the countries in their sample with the lowest score on the Human Development Index (Peru, Bolivia, and El Salvador) were the most conservative countries on drug policy. The public in Chile and Uruguay are the most likely to support drug policy reform. Argentina, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru occupy the middle ground between the conservative and reformist extremes.

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