Cet article conteste l’efficacité des traitements obligatoires de l’addiction en Russie et leur concordance avec les droits humains. Pour en savoir plus, en anglais, veuillez lire les informations ci-dessous.

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By the BMJ.com

Global evidence indicates that mandated treatment of drug dependence conflicts with drug users’ human rights and is not effective in treating addiction. Karsten Lunze and colleagues argue that drug treatment policies must be evidence based and meet international standards

During 2013 to 2015 the Russian Federation (Russia) amended its laws to enable courts to force people who use drugs to have treatment for addiction. The laws give courts the ability to mandate sentenced offenders with drug dependence to undergo dependence treatment in combination with non-custodial measures such as fines or coercive labour. Russian authorities have stated that the new laws were enacted as motivation for treatment. Our analysis globally examines the acceptability and efficacy of legislative approaches mandating treatment of drug dependence.

Increasing drug use in Russia led to parallel HIV epidemic

Drug use in Russia, consisting mostly of injectable heroin, increased after the break-up of the Soviet Union. There were over 540 000 drug users registered in Russia but the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimated that were about 1.8 million opiate users in the country in 2014. The prevalence of injecting drug use (2.29%) among 15-64 year olds is almost 10 times the global prevalence estimate of 0.27%.

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