Informe mundial de la ONUDD sobre la cocaína 2023



Informe mundial de la ONUDD sobre la cocaína 2023

5 abril 2023
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

La ONUDD brinda información sobre un mercado en auge, resaltando un aumento del 35% en la producción mundial de cocaína tras una desaceleración inicial causada por la pandemia del COVID-19. Más información, en inglés, está disponible abajo.

The Global Report on Cocaine 2023 details how coca cultivation soared 35 per cent from 2020 to 2021, a record high and the sharpest year-to-year increase since 2016. The rise is a result of both an expansion in coca bush cultivation and improvements in the process of converting coca bush to cocaine hydrochloride.

The steep growth in supply has been matched by a similar swelling in demand, with many regions showing a steady rise in cocaine users over the past decade. While the cocaine market remains quite concentrated in the Americas and parts of Europe, the report warns that there is a strong potential for a large expansion in Africa and Asia.

Nevertheless, interceptions of cocaine shipments by law enforcement around the world have also risen sharply, with seizures reaching a record high of nearly 2,000 tons in 2021.