Le projet de loi EQUAL, qui vise à mettre définitivement un terme aux disparités entre les peines prononcées pour les infractions liées au crack et celles en lien avec la cocaïne sous forme de poudre, sera soumis au Sénat. Pour en savoir plus, en anglais, veuillez lire les informations ci-dessous.
By Sarah N. Lynch
The U.S. House of Representatives overwhelmingly passed a bill to permanently end the sentencing disparities between crack cocaine and powder, a policy that has led to the disproportionate incarceration of African Americans.
In a bipartisan vote of 361-66, the House approved the EQUAL Act, short for Eliminating a Quantifiably Unjust Application of the Law.
The disparities between crack and powder cocaine date back to war-on-drugs policies in the 1980s.
The 100 to 1 ratio was later reduced in 2010 under the Fair Sentencing Act, down to 18 to 1.
If the EQUAL Act becomes law, it would permanently and entirely eliminating the crack-cocaine disparity, and it would retroactively apply to those who were previously sentenced, allowing people to take advantage of the new law.