This report by International Alert unpacks the nexus between conflict, drugs, crime and violence in three crucial contexts: Afghanistan, the border between Colombia and Peru, and Nigeria. Building on the political momentum in each country, this research aimed at clarifying the role that drug production and trafficking play in the political economy of the three contexts and at understanding whether a peacebuilding approach could bring new avenues and ideas to the conversation.

The findings point in the direction of a shift towards community-based and locally owned solutions, as well as towards more holistic approaches that fully understand the connections between poor government performance, corruption and drug trafficking, and the impact that existing policies have on those more vulnerable. 

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