Anand Grover, from India, is the UN Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, whose mandate is derived from the UN Human Rights Council. Mr Grover’s annual thematic report sets out the range of human rights abuses that have resulted from international drug control efforts, and calls on Governments to:
- Ensure that all harm-reduction measures (as itemised by UNAIDS) and drug-dependence treatment services, particularly opioid substitution therapy, are available to people who use drugs, in particular those among incarcerated populations.
- Decriminalise or de-penalise possession and use of drugs.
- Repeal or substantially reform laws and policies inhibiting the delivery of essential health services to drug users, and review law enforcement initiatives around drug control to ensure compliance with human rights obligations.
- Amend laws, regulations and policies to increase access to controlled essential medicines.
To the UN drug control agencies, Mr Grover recommends the creation of an alternative drug regulatory framework based on a model such as the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
The report is the clearest statement to date from within the UN system about the harms that drug policies have caused and the need for a fundamental shift in drug policy.