This brief provides an overview of opioid overdose prevention and treatment approaches as well as barriers to accessing treatment. 

Key points in the brief include: 

  • Availability and accessibility of Naloxone 
  • Opioid overdose prevention and treatment approaches
    • Harm reduction interventions
    • Take-home Naloxone (THN) 
    • Drug Consumption Rooms (DCRS)  
    • Heroin-Assisted Treatment (HAT)
  • Potential future approaches to opioid overdose prevention and treatment 
    • Technological approaches to prevent or respond to an opioid overdose
    • Opioid dispensing vending machines
  • Barriers to accessing opioid overdose treatment and opportunities to overcome them 
  • Medicalisation of harm reduction programmes
  • Good practice models of Naloxone access
  • Recommendations 
    • For legislators, policy makers and advocates
    • For healthcare providers
    • For networks/groups of people most affected by opioid use
    • For donors and development agencies.

This is the third publication in the IAS Policy Brief Series on inclusive care services and policies for people who use drugs.