In 2004, European and Central Asian countries held a high-level conference ‘Breaking the Barriers – Partnership to fight HIV/AIDS in Europe and Central Asia’. The conference resulted in the Dublin Declaration, which aimed to galvanise political action to tackle the epidemic in the region. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) monitors the implementation of the Dublin Declaration in Europe and Central Asia.

This report incorporates data from countries in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) reported to ECDC for Dublin Declaration monitoring in 2014 and 2016, 2015 HIV surveillance data reported to ECDC and WHO’s Regional Office for Europe, and country data reported in 2016 to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA). In 2016, the focus of data collection for Dublin Declaration monitoring was prevention, testing and treatment for HIV, and this report is structured along the same lines. However, the report starts with a brief overview of the trends of HIV and AIDS diagnoses in the EU/EEA.

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