The Bahia School of Public Defense (Escola Superior da Defensoria Pública da Bahia – ESDEP) created its Criminal Justice Observatory (Observatório da Prática Penal) on May 2013. Its main goal is to collect, analyze, publish and discuss relevant data about how the Criminal Justice System works in Bahia (fourth most populous state in Brazil), starting with data from its capital and largest city, Salvador (third most populous in Brazil, largest in the northeast region).

This report, written as a cooperative effort with the International Drug Policy Consortium, is destined to provide the English-speaking readers with data on a relevant country, with the world’s fourth largest prison population, and a recent spike in incarceration rates for drug-related crimes.

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