Compiling statements given at the 2004 session of the UN Commission on Human Rights, this IHRD-produced volume argues that unduly strict interpretation of UN drug control treaties undermines HIV prevention efforts by discouraging countries from implementing effective, realistic, and compassionate public health policies. The publication's contributors including OSI president Aryeh Neier demonstrate that international bodies and national governments must give greater consideration to the human rights—particularly access to HIV treatment of injection drug users.