This paper intends to support the discussions of the high-level review by presenting global trends on the evolution of the drug problem since the adoption of the Plan of Action and by making some reflections on the way forward. It is divided
into three parts.

The first part reviews the drug situation mid-way towards the full implementation of the Plan of Action, assessing how the situation has changed during the last five years in terms of improvements, stagnations and setbacks.

The second part describes the lessons learned in the implementation of programmes which have effectively addressed the objective laid down in the international drug control conventions and the Plan of Action.

The last part presents some reflections on the way forward in drug control policy.

The paper does not intend to be prescriptive, since it is the prerogative of Member States to formulate decisions on the future of international drug control policy.

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