This report highlights the multifaceted relationships between illicit drug production, trade, and use, and socioeconomic development. It demonstrates the ways in which the implementation of drug control policies often hinders development sector gains and furthermore, the ways in which many development sector policies actually increase vulnerability to illicit drug production, trade, and use.

By raising awareness about the links between drugs, drug policy, and socioeconomic development, this paper aims to facilitate future research as well as initiate dialogue and collaboration between development and drug control agencies.

This report forms part of the Drugs and Development Project, funded by the Open Society Foundations, and undertaken by the Nossal Institute for Global Health in collaboration with Family Health International branches in Vietnam and India.

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