The Justice Health in Australia Conference will be held in Melbourne, Australia, on 6-7 April 2009. The diversity of incarcerated populations, including adult prisons, youth detention centres and police watch houses give rise to special challenges in addressing the health needs among these incarcerated groups. This conference will provide a forum for sharing evidence findings in this area, provide a platform for sharing ideas and making recommendations for the way forward. The conference registration brochure can be found at www.phaa.net.au.