By PBS News Hour and Science 

In Russia, the epidemic is growing at a rate of 10 % a year. It’s one of the few places in the world where the epidemic continues to get dramatically worse. As many as 30,000 people diedfrom AIDS in Russia in 2017, according Russia's Federal AIDS Center.

Lack of education about HIV, coupled with conservative religious beliefs, stigma against those most at-risk of infection, and a lack of a coordinated, national response all drive Russia’s epidemic. An estimated 1 million Russians are infected with HIV, but only one-third of them are receiving antiretroviral treatment. Those who don’t get treated are much more likely to infect others.