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The development of a HIV prevention, treatment and care programme in Ukraine by the Government has been spearheaded through support from Alliance Ukraine and its many local NGO partners across the country. A major achievement in this regard is that over the past 3 years, HIV prevalence among PWID under the age of 25 years has decreased. Such a reduction is largely due to the implementation of a comprehensive HIV prevention programme, including harm reduction, led by Alliance Ukraine and its partners, a response that began at the end of 2000 and was accelerated from 2004 to the present day at national scale. It is the national scale of this response by Alliance Ukraine through its partners that is of particular note for possible replication elsewhere.
The International HIV/AIDS Alliance is an international nongovernmental organization with its international secretariat in Brighton, United Kingdom, and currently comprises 40 nationally based, independent, civil society organizations around the world as well as seven Technical Support Hubs, all of which are dedicated to ending AIDS through community action. The Alliance seeks to work with communities through local, national and global action on HIV, health and human rights and is committed to collective action that will lead to a world without AIDS in which the lives of all human beings are of equal value, and everyone has the right to access the HIV information and services that they need for a healthy life.
The purpose of this review is to document the work of Alliance Ukraine and to assess whether such work is a ‘good practice’ that could be replicated in other countries faced with a serious HIV/AIDS epidemic driven largely by unsafe injecting behaviours. The review was undertaken during July 2013 and data was updated were available in April 2014. Criteria have been developed to undertake a comprehensive assessment of the full range of support given by Alliance Ukraine and its local NGO and Government partners relating to the implementation, management and ongoing development of the national HIV prevention programme throughout Ukraine.
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