The objectives of development should be integrated into drug policies, particularly in developing countries. Crop eradication should not be carried out unless alternative livelihoods and the infrastructure on which they depend have been put in place first. In addition, the effectiveness of drug policies must be gauged against developmental and human security criteria.
Penal Reform International, the International Drug Policy Consortium and the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network underscore the urgency of criminal justice reform to reduce negative impact of drug control on human rights.
SIGAR suggests that the United States' ineffective policies and efforts to reduce opium cultivation in Afghanistan dramatically affected vulnerable populations who either grow or consume opium and continue to suffer immensely.