The use of punishments such as incarceration for those involved in the illicit drug trade has long been relied upon a deterrent. However, it has resulted in the imposition of disproportionate sentencing (including the use of the death penalty) and overcrowded prisons, with high risks to health, social cohesion and human rights. Some countries and jurisdictions are now moving towards decriminalisation, alternatives to prison and the regulation of some markets.
Aerial spraying has high short-term effectiveness, high risk of health or environmental damage, high risk of social discord, moderate cost, low long-term effectiveness, and low risk to eradicators or program participants.
The Correctional Service Canada's prison needle exchange is failing to achieve its objectives due to a lack of trust in the program by both staff and prisoners that results from its focus on security and punishment rather than on harm reduction and health.
IDPC and the Inspire Project analyse trends and factors mediating the imprisonment of women for drug offences, offering recommendations to reduce incarceration, improve prison conditions and facilitate post-release transitions.