Western Europe remains at the forefront of evidence-based harm reduction and treatment interventions. The majority of the countries in the region have adopted a health-based strategy towards drug use (including decriminalisation of possession for personal use), and are moving towards more proportionate sentences for drug offences.
Rêgo et al. argue that, despite the positive progress enabled by the Portuguese model, its limited ambitions, lack of update, and regressions toward punitive responses have severely undermined its potential.
Kvamme et al. suggest that a significant proportion of Danish users of cannabis as medicine are motivated by a desire to alleviate their ailments whilst minimising the negative side effects that they associate with legal prescription drugs.