In South East Europe, penalties for drug offences remain high, although some efforts are being made to reduce penalties for drug use and possession. More recently however, governments have responded to increasing levels of NPS use with strong law enforcement efforts. In parallel, the economic crisis has had a devastating effect on the availability of harm reduction programmes.
The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction provides guidelines to generate a common understanding for the operation of the Early Warning System by detailing the rationale, steps, procedures, roles, and responsibilities.
The Eurasian Harm Reduction Association taken the case of Albania into consideration in order to analyse the challenges faced in sustaining HIV prevention programmes as a result of the withdrawal of the Global Fund.
The delegation met with the representatives of Kosovo agencies involved in pharmaceutical regulation; the administration of justice, including prosecutorial services and the judiciary; law-enforcement, customs and forensics; and public health, addiction treatment and rehabilitation.
The EMCDDA shows the encouraging progress that has been made to reduce the prevalence of infectious diseases amongst people who inject drugs, while also highlighting the need to extend the existing programs and services.
The main conference topics are on optimising drug dependence treatment and policy treatment cooperation with drug prevention, harm reduction, treatment and rehabilitation programs in the region, with a focus on Greece, treatment of Hepatitis C, different praxis trough the region, treatment in prisons and other key topics.