In Oceania, drug production, trafficking and consumption remain overwhelmingly a criminal justice issue. However, Australia and New Zealand have moved towards policies that prioritise health to respond to drug use. More recently, New Zealand made the headlines with the adoption of an innovative policy towards new psychoactive substances.
The first independent evaluation of the ACT's pill testing trial occurred in 2019 at a Canberra music festival. Those in favour of pill testing argue in favour of a national trial, however, no other state or territory has shown interest in conducting similar trials.