US President Nixon launched the "war on drugs" in the 1970s. Today, incarceration, social marginalisation and drug-related deaths have led North America to rethink this strategy. However, although positive developments are happening locally in the fields of harm reduction, alternatives to incarceration, new drug law enforcement approaches and cannabis regulation, the US and Canadian federal governments remain resistant to drug policy reform.
The Society of Living Intravenous Drug Users (SOLID) has implemented community programs to assist other drug users in the fight against the opioid crisis through harm reduction programs and advocacy, however in order to continue the work they do, the government must increase its financial support.
The availability of naloxone has served as a successful harm reduction measure in Ontario and other Canadian provinces, laying a groundwork for a similar model in the United States where the opioid crisis continues to surge.