Eurasia is located on a major trafficking route to Europe. Influenced by Russia, Eurasian governments continue to impose severe criminal sanctions on people who use drugs and dealers. This has led to repeated cases of violence and intimidation against people who use drugs, and a health crisis with an explosion of HIV infections among this vulnerable group.
The EMCDDA describes the main effects of COVID-19-related restrictions on the drug using population and on the provision and demand for drug services, and their gradual adaptation to the changing situation in countries from the Western Balkan region.
The EMCDDA presents the results of the ESCAPE projects which collected and locally disseminated some laboratory-confirmed local data on injected substances and patterns of injection that can help guide local responses.