Drug policies in East and South East Asia continue to focus extensively on tough drug laws and their enforcement, including disproportionate penalties for drugs offences (and the use of the death penalty), compulsory detention for people who use drugs, and forced crop eradication campaigns. However, some significant improvements have been made in the field of harm reduction.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime analyses socio‐economic differences between villages that cultivate opium‐poppy and villages that do not in order to evaluate their status and living conditions.
The new policy decriminalised drug use, but not possession. Since possession is almost always the main indicator that someone uses drugs, criminalising possession ends up criminalising all people who use drugs in Myanmar.