The Caribbean is placed on a significant route for drug trafficking, and drug-related violence remains high in the region. Recently, trafficking routes have shifted to other regions. Drugs issues remain within the realm of the criminal justice system, although some countries, such as Puerto Rico and Jamaica, are now discussing alternative drug policy options.
A conference on women and drug policy in Bulgaria concluded that drug policies must account for gender and how women specifically suffer differently surrounding the issues of drugs and the stigma they carry for women.
The Social Science Research Council reviews key findings from regional case studies on drug courts that may be useful to inform debates about these mechanisms and other alternatives to incarceration for low-level drug crimes.
The conference brought together an array of international policy makers to focus on two primary issues; the growing significance of the internet as a platform for illicit drug transactions and the increasing use of synthetic drugs.