The article discusses why a disproportionate number of young black people is convicted for drug offences in London, shedding light on the main underlying causes: social exclusion, biased policing, gang culture and links to the cocaine trade.
Ten years on, the reform has attracted considerable international attention. It has also been the subject of a number of divergent accounts on its impacts, with some commentators offering diametrically opposed policy conclusions from their evidence-informed analyses.
This paper addresses the issues of ethics and effectiveness in coerced treatment for drug users. It is based on the existing evidence on coerced treatment, as well as on considerations of the ethics of such treatment and research on quasi-compulsory treatment in Europe.
Drawing upon independent evaluations and interviews conducted with 13 key stakeholders in 2007 and 2009, this paper critically analyses the criminal justice and health impacts against trends from neighbouring Spain and Italy. It concludes that contrary to predictions, the Portuguese…