La estrategia detalla 113 acciones concretas que se van a emprender para reformar la política sobre drogas de los Estados Unidos a través de enfoques de salud pública innovadores y basados en pruebas empíricas, con el objetivo de reducir el consumo de estupefacientes y sus consecuencias. Más información, en inglés, está disponible abajo.
Today, Gil Kerlikowske, Director of National Drug Control Policy, released the 2012 National Drug Control Strategy, the Obama Administration’s primary blueprint for drug policy in the United States. The new Strategy outlines 113 specific actions to be undertaken throughout the Federal government to reform U.S. drug policy through innovative and evidence-based public health and safety approaches aimed at reducing drug use and its consequences. Specifically, the new Strategy is guided by three facts: addiction is a disease that can be treated; people with substance use disorders can recover; and innovative new criminal justice reforms can stop the revolving door of drug use, crime, incarceration, and rearrest.
“Outdated policies like the mass incarceration of nonviolent drug offenders are relics of the past that ignore the need for a balanced public health and safety approach to our drug problem,” said Kerlikowske. “The policy alternatives contained in our new Strategy support mainstream reforms based on the proven facts that drug addiction is a disease of the brain that can be prevented and treated and that we cannot simply arrest our way out of the drug problem.”
The President’s inaugural National Drug Control Strategy, published in 2010, charted a new direction in drug policy. The 2012 Strategy provides a review of progress made to date and outlinesprograms that work to significantly reform the criminal justice system by diverting non-violent drug offenders into treatment instead of incarceration, addressing substance use disorders through the healthcare system and youth outreach, targeting violent transnational criminal organizations, and expanding unprecedented Administration efforts to secure the Southwest border and strengthen international partnerships.
“Advances in neurosciences over the past decades have provided us with invaluable insight into our Nation’s drug problem,” said Stuart Gitlow, M.D., M.P.H., M.B.A., FAPA, Acting President of the American Society of Addiction Medicine. “We are pleased the Obama Administration’s approach to drug control treats drug addiction as a chronic disease of the brain rather than a behavioral problem on the part of the individual. We commend their efforts to put in place evidence-based public health solutions that will help bring those suffering from substance use disorders get the treatment they need to recover and lead healthy lives free from addiction.”
“Policing in the 21st Century means being tough - but smart- in how we address our Nation’s drug problem.” said Charles H. Ramsey, President of Major Cities Chiefs Association and President of the Police Executive Research Forum. “Drugs place too many of our communities at risk and we applaud Director Kerlikowske and the Obama Administration’s Strategy to improve public safety by implementing innovative programs that reduce the toll drugs take on our neighborhoods. Those of us in law enforcement understand that too often drug addiction is the underlying cause of crime and enforcement working with our criminal justice system play a vital role in breaking the cycle of drug crime, incarceration, and rearrest.”
“We are pleased that the policies being released today will offer hope, work to help end discrimination facing people with addiction and expand efforts to build recovery community organizations across the nation, benefitting the over 20 million Americans in long-term recovery, their families, friends and communities,” said Pat Taylor, Executive Director of Faces & Voices of Recovery. “Recovery is a process that requires time, patience and support, and we look forward to continuing to work closely with the Obama Administration to implement public policies at the local, state, and Federal level to help individuals and families get the help they need.”
The new Strategy will build upon several important milestones already achieved in supporting evidence-based reforms to drug policy over the past three years:
- In August 2010, the President signed the Fair Sentencing Act into law. This significant piece of drug policy reform dramatically reduced a 100-to-1 mandatory minimum sentencing disparity between powder and crack cocaine and eliminated the mandatory minimum sentence for simple possession of crack cocaine. It also increases penalties for major drug traffickers.
- In October of 2009, the Administration established the first-ever Recovery branch at the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy to support the 23.5 million Americans in recovery by eliminating barriers to recovery and lifting the stigma associated with drug addiction.
- In March of 2010, the President signed the Affordable Care Act into law. The new law takes a public health approach to treating substance use disorders by requiring insurers to cover treatment for substance use disorders the same way they would other chronic diseases starting in 2014.
- In October of 2010, the President signed the Secure and Responsible Drug Disposal Act of 2010 into law. The law will help communities combat the Nation’s prescription drug abuse epidemic by making easier to properly dispose of expired, unused, or unneeded prescription drugs.
- Since March of 2009, the Administration has deployed more personnel, infrastructure, and technology along the Southwest border to combat illegal cross border activity than in any other time in U.S. history.
- In June of 2011, the Administration released the first-ever National Prevention Strategy, which includes a focus on promoting healthy living by preventing the onset of sickness and disease before it occurs.
Overall drug use in the United States has dropped substantially over the past thirty years. In response to comprehensive efforts to address drug use at the local, state, Federal, and international levels, the rate of Americans using illicit drugs has dropped by roughly one third since the late 70s. More recently, there has been a 40 percent drop in current cocaine use and meth use has dropped by half. To build on this progress and support a public health and safety approach to drug control outlined in the Strategy, the Obama Administration has requested over $10 billion to support drug education programs and support for expanding access to drug treatment for people suffering from substance use disorders. The FY 2013 Budget also requests $9.4 billion for domestic law enforcement, $3.7 billion on interdiction, and $2 billion for international programs.
A full copy of the 2012 National Drug Control Strategy is available here.
Click here to download the infographic: “Obama Administration Drug Policy: A Record of Reform”
Click here to see videos and read more about innovative alternatives to drug control supported by the Obama Administration.
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