The objectives of development should be integrated into drug policies, particularly in developing countries. Crop eradication should not be carried out unless alternative livelihoods and the infrastructure on which they depend have been put in place first. In addition, the effectiveness of drug policies must be gauged against developmental and human security criteria.
Congress must now approve laws to implement the accord: an amnesty law, establishing a transitional justice system, guaranteeing protections for opposition political movements, carrying out a new rural development policy, among others.
This report by IDPC analyses the factors that permitted a novel Latin American position to be forged within UNASUR, the main agreements, and lays out the differences of opinion, as well as the drug policy challenges that lie ahead for the region.