The use of punishments such as incarceration for those involved in the illicit drug trade has long been relied upon a deterrent. However, it has resulted in the imposition of disproportionate sentencing (including the use of the death penalty) and overcrowded prisons, with high risks to health, social cohesion and human rights. Some countries and jurisdictions are now moving towards decriminalisation, alternatives to prison and the regulation of some markets.
To promote and secure health in prison, testing for infectious diseases and vaccination is a major opportunity, and does have an impact on the health of the incarcerated, the correctional employees and the communities to which the inmates return.
This report includes a wide range of examples in which human rights standards and norms are infringed as a result of state activities pursued in the name of drug control. This clearly demonstrates the need for close attention to this issue within the UN system.
On 10th December 2007 - International Human Rights Day - IHRA released a major report calling for an end to the use of the death penalty for drug offences around the world. The report argues that the on-going execution of drug offenders is a violation of international human rights law.
The first version of this guide has been posted on the IDPC website. It serves as an introduction to the structure and operation of the UN drug control system, and describes the forthcoming process of review leading to the political meeting in 2009.
New Zealand Drug Foundation (Te Tuapapa Tarukino o Aotearoa) Policy Position, August 2007This paper presents the New Zealand Drug Foundation's policy position on reducing alcohol and other drugs (AOD) problems in New Zealand's criminal justice system.