African drug policies remain entrenched in a repressive, law enforcement-focused approach. Intensified drug trafficking in the region has raised concerns about the capacity of governments to tackle drug-related issues, as well as weak institutions, corruption and human rights violations. However, some movements for reform are now taking place in West Africa and several East African states.
In 2009 the national government publicly declared that its drug users needed evidence-based treatment options. Tanzania’s Ministry of Health approved a comprehensive plan to help prevent and treat heroin dependence.
This report by the Uganda Harm Reduction Network discusses the impact of the HIV prevention and control act 2014 among people who use drugs and is working to identify and prioritize key interventions to reduce its negative effects in Uganda.