Latin America has long promoted a war on drugs approach. However, the significant levels of violence, as well as other health and social harms related to repressive drug control have led several countries across the region to call for an open debate on drug policy across the region. Uruguay has moved a step further by legally regulating its cannabis market.
CELS highlights the different strategies used in countries across the Americas to tackle the drugs problem. It discusses the prohibitionist approach which has led to militarisation, violence, criminalisation of drug use, mass incarceration and forced crop eradication campaigns.
This WOLA/AIN report recognises Bolivia's efforts in reducing coca, working with farmers and providing alternative livelihoods, but concludes that the country’s outdated drug law remains unjust and continues to rely on disproportionate punishment for low-level, non-violent drug offences.
This inventory produced by CICAD shows that governments employ a broad range of policy options to provide tailored responses limiting the use of incarceration for those who commit drug-related offenses.
In Latin America, some of the most perverse consequences of the drug war have been borne by women, many of whom are caught in a cycle of poverty or addiction that motivates their involvement in the small-scale sale or transport of drugs.
More than four hundred participants of various parts of the country came to the Senate of the City of Buenos Aires to attend presentations and discussions with government officials, academics and specialists; along with civil society organisations and activists.
This seminar seeks to examine in detail the impact of the validity of human rights that prohibition policies enforce and the role they have today questioning some Latin American countries in the consequences of the "war on drugs" .
The latest survey on coca in Peru, produced by UNODC in collaboration with the Peruvian government, shows that the area of cultivation and cocaine production of the country fell by 13.9 percent from the year 2013 to 2014.
A presidential decree that grants amnesty to low-level drug offenders and other special prison populations is a much needed step towards prison reform in Bolivia. However, it falls short of offering a system-wide policy solution to overcrowded and inhumane prison conditions.
This congress focuses on the traditional and contemporary use of drugs in indigenous, mestizo, and urban communities in Mexico and Brazil. Informal and cultural means of control, and their relationship with formal and legal controls, will also be explored.
The Pope plans to embrace one of Bolivia’s strongest indigenous traditions by chewing coca leaves. In doing so, the pontiff could give a boost to the Bolivian government’s efforts to gain international legal status for its sacred leaf, which is erroneously banned as a narcotic drug in the 1961…
A bill which will allow Chileans to grow small amounts of marijuana for medical, recreational or spiritual use has been approved by the country's lower house of Congress, however the new bill must go before a health commission and then the Senate for approval.
This OSF report explains how the community control system in Bolivia works and shows its effectiveness in decreasing violence, increasing citizen engagement, limiting corruption, stabilising and diversifying local economies, and reducing coca cultivation.
The latest Colombia coca survey, produced by UNODC jointly with the Colombian government, shows that the country's coca cultivation area and cocaine production both increased substantially in 2014 compared to the previous year.