The ‘General Assembly’ is the principle policy-making organ of the United Nations (UN), and the only one in which all 193 UN member states have equal representation. At the request of member states, it convenes UN General Assembly Special Sessions (UNGASS) on specific issues. There was an UNGASS on drugs in 1998 at which member states agreed on a Political Declaration on Global Drug Control. Ten years later, member states met in Vienna to discuss progress made and to agree on a new Political Declaration and Plan of Action on International Cooperation towards an Integrated and Balanced Strategy to Counter the World Drug Problem.
The next UN General Assembly Special Session on Drugs (UNGASS) was due to be held in 2019 – the target date set out in the 2009 Political Declaration and Action Plan for the achievement of a significant reduction in or the elimination of the demand and supply of drugs. However in September 2012, the presidents of Colombia, Guatemala and Mexico called on the UN to host an international conference on drug policy reform. Subsequently, a provision was included in an annual omnibus resolution on drug policy – sponsored by Mexico, and co-sponsored by 95 other countries – to bring forward this global drug policy summit meeting to 2016.
Civil society engagement
Here are a few ways civil society organisations can engage in the UNGASS process:
- Support and join international reform organisations to strengthen their influence in the international community and at the UN and to stay informed about the process.
- Join the New York NGO Committee on Drugs (NYNGOC) and/or the Vienna NGO Committee on Drugs (VNGOC) as it is likely that these committees will be the formal civil society mechanisms for engaging in the UNGASS.
- Educate public opinion on the structure of international drug policy politics and decision-making, options for reform.
- Lobby your government to promote more progressive drug policies during international debates.
- Send out a civil society submission to UNODC, which it will post on the civil society page of its official UNGASS website.